Web application development requires coding and server side infrastructure. For a long time, the only web stack available that allowed developers to build web applications was known as LAMP stack. In the recent past, another web stack has evolved, and it is known as MEAN stack.
LAMP stack primarily involves Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP, Perl or Python. It comprises of all the open-source software that work perfectly for the dynamic web applications and sites. LAMP is highly customisable, flexible, easy to work with, relatively secure and comes with a huge support community.
Some LAMP variations replace one element or the other from the stack.
– WAMP WAMP includes Windows, Apache, MySQL and PHP. It is easy to get started with for those who don’t want to work with Linux.
– WIMPWIMP includes Windows, IIS, MSSQL Server and ASP.Net. It works with Microsoft’s IIS(Internet Information Server) instead of Apache.
– MAMPMAMP includes Mac OS X, Apache, MySQL and PHP. It is a variation of WAMP, but instead of Windows, it uses MacOS.
– XAMPP includes Mac OS X, Linux, Windows, Apache, MySQL, PHP, Perl and an FTP server. It is cross-platform, and it can work on Windows, Mac as well as Linux.
LAMP has been around since the early web period. It has a great community support and good security. Almost all the hosting providers support its backend technologies, i.e. PHP and MySQL. It is also perfectly compatible with all the major CMS such as WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, etc.
For the above reasons, MEAN has gained a lot of attention recently, but it does not have community support as large as LAMP stack.
Although you need to know only one language for development, you still need months of time to get familiar with the platform. To understand different technologies of MEAN, you need to start from scratch. Developers who have been working for years with the LAMP stack might find the switch unnecessary and time-consuming.
Those developers who love Node.js and want to work only with one language may find the MEAN stack to be the ultimate saviour.
LAMP Pros & Cons
Pros – LAMP offers a secure infrastructure for web application development.
– LAMP has a huge support community.
– It powers an enormous number of web applications. It is so widely integrated within the Internet that almost entire web is dependent on it a variety of ways.
– Every web host and most CMS work perfectly with LAMP.
Cons – LAMP is not the latest web stack and might get outdated after some time in future due to the adoption of MEAN.
– LAMP is not as efficient and productive as MEAN.
MEAN Pros & Cons
– The simplicity of MEAN makes the life of the developer easier.
– MEAN can work with different Operating Systems which makes it attractive.
Cons – The support community is no way comparable to LAMP.
– MEAN is not well integrated with the Internet as the LAMP. Many web hosts and CMS might not support MEAN as they support LAMP.
Things to consider while choosing between LAMP Stack and MEAN Stack
– If you are a new developer and want to give this cutting edge technology of the future a chance, i.e. MEAN, you can go for it.
– If you like the idea of using a single language for all the backend and frontend development, MEAN is right for you.- If you want to stick the time tested platform upon which the Internet still stands today, you should stick to LAMP.- If you want to expect great support from the community, it is better to stick with LAMP instead of MEAN.
You should consider your unique preferences and make a choice between the LAMP and MEAN.
To Sum Up
LAMP is time tested, and most websites on the Internet and CMS rely on LAMP stack. MEAN is the new player on the ground and offers some unique benefits that cannot be offered by LAMP. Though both have some unique benefits to offer, both can be tried, and the preferred one can be chosen for prolonged use.